Winter Olympic sports: toboggan sport

To descend on a sledge from the slopes the inhabitants of mountain countries have always been able to. However, the history of toboggan sport began in 1883, when amateurs of this type from different countries gathered in Switzerland and held the first international competitions. The International Federation came three decades after the event and lasted 22 years, after which it entered the Bobsleigh and Toboggan Federation. The decision to include in the program of the Winter Olympics was made in the early 1950s of the last century. The sledge competitions replaced the skeleton competitions. In 1955, the first World Cup took place, and two years later, the International Federation of Toboggan Sports, which still exists today.

Participants get off to the start consistently. The time during which the next athlete begins the descent after his predecessor has gone off the track is set by the rules. The one who goes the distance in the least time wins. The order of the first start is determined by the draw, the sequence of performances in the following heats – according to the results of the The total time is the sum of the results of several races. In singles, the totals of four races are summarized, in doubles โ€” two.

From the beginning, there were three types of competition in the Olympic program: men’s and women’s singles and men’s doubles. There will also be a team relay team in the 2014 Olympics program, when singles and pairs from the same team will get off to the start consistently behind each other.

10 athletes โ€” 7 men and 3 women โ€” can enter the national Olympic team. In single events, the team fields 3 athletes in each category, in doubles โ€” 2 crews. There are age restrictions: athletes younger than 16 are not allowed to compete in Olympic events.

One of the conditions of competitions โ€” the athlete should not lose a sledge on the way and come to the finish with them. Otherwise, the participant is removed from the competition. At the same time, a break in the distance is allowed. If an athlete fell or stopped, he can get on the sledge again and continue going through the track.

There are quite a few restrictions in toboggan sports. The rules regulate the design of the sleds and their mass. Before the competition, the athlete himself and his equipment, which includes a jumpsuit, helmet, gloves and shoes, are also weighed.

Olympic toboggan competitions are held on artificial tracks. A wooden or concrete base is covered with ice, whose temperature is often maintained artificially. The track is 800 to 1200m long to contain 11 to 18 superelevation with a minimum radius of 8m. Also regulated are the height difference, which is 70-120m, and the width of the chute from 130 to 150cm.

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