For us, the fact that the Games in Helsinki were the first Olympic Games to which the team of the Soviet Union was invited. In addition to Soviet athletes, representatives of Ghana, South Vietnam, the Bahamas, Israel, Germany, Thailand, Indonesia, Nigeria, Hong Kong, Guatemala and the Netherlands made their debuts at the 1952 Games Antilles.
149 sets of awards in 17 sports were played at the games. In the unofficial medal standings, Soviet athletes, the debutants of the Olympics, shared first place with the athletes of the United States.
Opposition of the strongest teams of the USA and the USSR escalated sports struggle. Suffice it to say that during one day of competition, the long jump world record was updated 30 times.
It was with these games that the confrontation in the sports arena of the two political systems began. Gradually all sports powers became involved in this struggle. The athletes of the USSR were subjected to huge pressure given the difficult political situation of the time. For losing in the 1/8 finals to the team of Yugoslavia, the football team of the USSR was severely punished, and the team of the CDSA, which formed the basis of the Soviet Olympic football team, was completely disbanded, and all players were forced to move to other clubs.
Despite such pressure, Soviet athletes performed more than dignified. The real hero of the Olympics was the famous Soviet gymnast Viktor Chukarin. At the time of the competition he turned 31, behind his shoulders was war and fascist captivity, but this did not prevent him from becoming the first absolute Olympic champion in artistic gymnastics in the history of the USSR.
But the first Olympic medal in the history of Soviet sports was awarded to the famous discus thrower Nina Romashkova (Ponomareva).
In all, Soviet athletes won 71 medals at those games, including 22 medals of highest dignity. The
1952 Helsinki Olympics are famous for one fun fact. They went down in the history of the Olympic Movement as games that were not closed.
On 3 August, at the solemn closing ceremony of the games, IOC President Siegfried Engstrom gave a solemn speech but forgot to utter the final phrase prescribed by the charter: “I declare XV The Olympics are closed.”
The Helsinki Olympics lasted two weeks but never completed until now.