When started to mark the New Year

It’s hard to tell exactly when the New Year was first celebrated. However, according to the conjecture of scientists, it occurred in Mesopotamia no later than the 3rd century BC In addition, during excavations ancient Egyptian vessels were found by archaeologists, a thorough inspection which allowed it to establish that Egyptians began to celebrate the New Year no later than in the 2nd century BC, while this holiday was a religious one. It was celebrated on the days when the Nile spilled. It was supposed to put in a large boat statues of the three most revered gods of Thebes — Amon, his wife Mut and son Hones. The boat was then sent sailing on the Nile, and after the end of the feast, the statues were returned back to the temples.

It is also known that the New Year was celebrated in ancient Rome. There are no exact details to establish when specifically the Romans started marking it. However, it is known that the first celebrations took place in ancient Rome before BC, while the New Year was then celebrated in early March. With the introduction of the Julian calendar, which occurred in 46 BC, the celebration was postponed to 1 January. On this day it was necessary to give each other gifts, to have fun, to decorate streets and houses. On New Year’s Day, the gentlemen could invite slaves to sit with them at the same table, or even show the greatest mercy and grant freedom. It is also known that by this holiday wealthy people had to prepare expensive gifts for the lord.

In Russia, the New Year was first celebrated on March 1, but in the 14th century this holiday was postponed to September 1 in accordance with the features of the Greek calendar. In 1699, by decree of Peter the Great, New Year was again postponed, this time to January 1. Then the main attributes of the holiday were marked: Peter the Great ordered in New Year to put Christmas trees in houses and decorate them, to congratulate each other, to wish neighbors all the best, to give children sweets and entertain. Thus in Russia, the most familiar celebration for modern people began in 1700.

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