The “anonymous” movement gained worldwide fame as a result of the project “Chanology”, which was directed against the activities of the Church of Scientology. This project was a response to attempts by the Church of Scientology to remove from the Internet in January 2008 an interview with Tom Cruise, its most famous parishioner. On January 21, Anonymous members were posted a video “Message to Scientology” in which the actions of the Church of Scientology were called internet censorship and the intention to “drive the church from the internet” was voiced. Afterwards, DDoS attacks, hooligan threatening calls to the Church of Scientology, and black faxes began. In addition, websites were created by “anonymists” that criticized the activities of the Church of Scientology. For the first time in the history of the Anonymous movement, its participants took to the streets, hiding their face under Guy Fawkes masks.
Operation Reckoning/Revenge for Julian Assange 2010
The Anonymous movement has also gained notoriety due to the success of Operation Reckoning – a series of DDOS and other attacks on websites of individuals and organizations promoting restrictive laws freedom on the Internet and copyright law, as well as those involved in the search and prosecution of pirates.$ Operation “Reckoning” continued after the arrest of the founder of the Wikileaks website – Julian Assange. As a result of the “anonymus” attacks, Mastercard, PayPal, Visa, Amazon.com online store portal, PostFinance Bank and many sites – including the website of the Swedish government. In the logo of Operation Reckoning, the emblem of the pirate bay was taken as the basis, where the core and guns were added.
Other major promotions of the 2012 Anonymous movement. :
– MegaUpload campaign: in response to the government’s closure of MegaUpload website was carried out the largest DDoS attack using the program to carry out LOIC network attacks;
– DDoS attack on the site The European Parliament on January 26, 2012, which was held after the signing of the Trade Agreement on Combating Counterfeiting by Poland;
– Operation “Russia”: hacking and publication of the correspondence of the dignitaries “Nashi” and “Rosmolodezhi” movement at the end of January 2012, hacking of the website of the Kaluga regional branch of the party “United Russia” with the posting of the video message Anonymous – February 2012.
– Operation “Free Hamza”: demonstration in front of the Saudi Embassy building on February 24, 2012 in Berlin in defense of Saudi blogger Hamza Kashgari
– attacks on the Vatican website in March 2012 c.: disabling the Vatican’s official website, attacking the Vatican Radio website to protest the politics and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as “outdated and absurd” concepts
– Operation SaveTheArctic 26 June and 13 July 2012: more than 1000 passwords and email addresses from the websites of BP, Shell, Exxon Mobil, Rosneft and Gazprom protect the Arctic shelf from oil developments that Anonymous activists claim harm the environment.