What is the “Magnits” list

“Magnitsky’s List”, or “Cardin’s List” – a list of names of Russian officials related to Sergei Magnitsky’s death. He died in November 2009 in the premises of the hospital of the Matrosska Silence detention centre, and there are many questions associated with this fact. In connection with the death of the thirty-seven-year-old auditor and accountant, criminal proceedings were initiated under two articles – “Failure to assist a sick person” and “Failure or improper execution of official by the person of his duties as a result of unfair or negligent attitude towards the service.” The case received publicity and caused resonance not only in Russia but also abroad.

On April 26, 2010, United States Senator Ben Cardin and United States Congressional Commission on Human Rights Co-Chair James McGovern addressed Hilary Clinton, the incumbent Secretary of State of the United States, with a statement on the prohibition of entry into the territory of their country of sixty people involved in the Magnitsky case. Extensive descriptions of illegal acts are attached to the list of names. Magnitsky’s List included deputy Interior Minister, investigators, judges, prosecutors, superiors of a pre-trial detention center and tax and many other Russian state officials.

In September 2010, the US Congress voted for the list, a little later – in December – the European Parliament joined. The latter voted in favor of the resolution, which attributed banning officials connected to the Magnitsky affair from entering European Union countries. The resolution is recommendatory, while in the US it is binding.

On 26 July 2011, the United States imposed visa restrictions on persons from the “Magnitsky List”, now 60 people officials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, FSB, FNS, Arbitration Court, Attorney General’s Office and GUIN do not have the ability to enter US and UK territory.

To date, the bill has an unclear fate. It should go through the senate and be signed into law by President Barack Obama. In the latter most experts doubt, because this fact can undermine Russian-American relations.

Russia’s reaction to the formation of the bill followed pretty quickly. President Vladimir Putin said that in case of its adoption Russia will do similar – will create a list of names of persons whose entry into the territory of the Russian Federation will be banned.

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