During the festival, Guru Purnima recall events from the lives of the great spiritual teachers. The text of the Guru-gita is read on this day, which is the account of Shiva, one of the principal deities of the Hindu pantheon, on how the spiritual master should be read. The authorship of the “Guru-gita” is attributed to the same Vyasa. In temples on this day, the ritual of veneration of Vyasa is performed with the offering of symbolic gifts to him.
For Buddhists, the feast of Guru Purnima is associated with the anniversary of the first sermon of Shakyamuni Buddha, which he attained enlightenment, delivered in Rishipatana Park for his companions. They subsequently became his first students. This sermon is known as “The First Turn of the Dharma Wheel” and contains the main provisions of Buddhist teaching.
In the full moon of the month of Ashadha, the followers of this teaching indulge in meditation under the guidance of their mentors, which should help to purify their minds and gain inner harmony.