In the first Olympiads where this species was presented, the modern pentathlon was referred to as the “officer Olympic pentathlon”. Only the military could participate in it, and the legend of the Swedish officer was realized at the first Games. The first Olympic champion in this form was Swede Gustav Lilienhök. He in a persistent struggle managed to overcome more than three dozen rivals, among which was the future commander in chief of the Armed Forces of the United States during the Second World War George S. Patton. In those years, competitions took place over five days, each day of the same kind. Now athletes have enough two days. At the first Olympics medals were awarded in individual and team superiority.
No other competitions were held in the sport until the late 1940s. In 1948, the International Federation of Modern Pentathlon was established. She was headed by another Swedish officer, 1920 Olympic champion G. Dirsson. A year after the formation of the federation passed the first World Cup, which was also won by a Swedish athlete.
The Swedes dominated this species until 1956. It was representatives of this country who won all the Olympic competitions of this period, with the exception of the Games in Berlin in 1936. The Swedes retained the lead and when the competition ceased to be officers and civilians became involved. Since 2000, women have competed in Olympic competitions in this species.
Modern pentathlon competitions begin with shooting. Athletes fire an air gun with a 4.5mm caliber. It is necessary to take 20 shots over a 10-meter distance from one position on a round target consisting of 10 rings. To prepare for the shot and the shot itself is given 40 seconds. A sports pistol for this type of shooting must not be heavier than one and a half kilograms. Athletes are not allowed to use supporting devices. Generally the conditions are pretty tough. Prepare for shooting and familiarize with the target the participant should have time in two and a half minutes. The repair of the weapon, if it suddenly fails, is given 5 minutes.
The second kind of modern pentathlon is fencing. The duel on sleepers lasts 1 minute. Each contestant meets in turn with all opponents. The one who has time to put a prick earlier wins. If rivals hit each other at the same time, the injections don’t count. At zero result, both are considered losers. In this form, a pretty complex system of counts. 1000 points are awarded to whoever wins the most fights. All others points are added or taken depending on the number of fights won or lost.
The swimming distance athletes come out in the order determined by the ranking of previous species. They have to swim the 200m freestyle distance. 1000 points are awarded for a result of 2 min.30 seconds for men. In competitions of women who also mastered this sport, this result is 10 seconds more.
Participants receive horses for show jumping by lot. Have time to learn with the horse and inspect the distance in 20 minutes. Each participant is given 1100 points. They must complete a 350-450m long track with 12 barriers in the allotted time. For each hurdle or extra time, points are removed.
The last type of program is cross country. Athletes must cover the distance in the 3000m. The order of the start is determined by previous results, the first one who has the most points comes to the start. The point difference translates into seconds, and every next five-wrestler starts later than the predecessor as much as he is behind on points. Someone who has performed brilliantly in four kinds, in cross gets a tangible advantage because the athlete’s task is the first to cross the finish line.