special carpet is required for the bout, which is called a tatami. It is a square, with an area of 64 to 100 m2, surrounded by a three-metre safety zone.
Before the athlete – judoist there are two main tasks. The first is to keep the balance during the duel. The second is to put your opponent out of balance. It is very important to make the right throw at the beginning of the contest Besides, in judo it is allowed to use suffocating and painful techniques on hands in relation to the opponent. Usually fights last no more than 5 minutes.
Athletes’ equipment consists of a kimono, which is a loose sports jacket and pants. Clothing for the duel is made of high quality cotton fabric, the development of which takes into account the latest technologies. The International Judo Federation establishes standards and requirements to which this sports form has to meet.
In Russia judo got spread largely thanks to Vasily Oshchepkov. He entered the Kodokan-judo institute in Japan, and on his return in 1914 opened a judo school in his homeland.
Russian athletes showed good results at the Olympiads. Shota Chochishvili, an athlete who represented the Soviet Union, received the gold medal in 1972. It was the first highest award for the country. Elena Petrova (bronze medal in 1992) and Lyubov Bruletova (silver medal in 2000 in Sydney) performed perfectly in the women’s championship.