Dressage, as the art of riding, originated in the ancient ages. According to one version – it was invented by Hittites. Modern rules of dressage – the result of the work of riders of the Renaissance era. In the 30s of the 16th century, Neapolitan Frederico Grisone founded the Academy, where horses were taught complex tricks. In Naples and arose the first riding schools. Then there was the popularization of this spectacle among the nobles. Since 1912, dressage has been included in the Summer Olympics program. The basic requirements placed on an athlete are to make the animal move as gracefully as possible.
The modern program of competition for the “Grand Olympic Dressage Prize” is based on the natural movements of the horse and the flawless performance of the basic elements of a line ride in the playpen . These include: pitch, lynx, takings, gallop, seedings, smooth transitions from one type of allure to another. From the old riding school, elements such as piaffe (lynx in place), priuettes (gallop in place) and passages are included in the competition.
Technically dressage is a ride in a rectangular shape playpen. It is carried out under special programmes. In them, all elements are produced sequentially – from simple to more complex. The points between which you want to exercise are pointed along the walls of the playpen. Large letters are placed next to them. If the playpen is covered with grass, the midline points are marked with shearing, and in normal playpens – sawdust.
An athlete during this competition must control the horse through foot movement in the stirrups and by means of a bridle. He should do it discreetly. The task of the rider is to achieve complete obedience to the animal and to develop his desire for movement forward. The main difference of dressage from other equestrian sports is the performance of horse riding figures almost on its own accord, the rider only competently brings it to this. All this is achieved as a result of long training sessions. Dressage – aerobatics riding.
Each element is rated on a ten-point scale. It is required of the horse not to wave its tail, creak its teeth, dangle its head from side to side, and change its legs in a gallop of four, three, two and one pace (making the leap). The animal must maintain the shape of a “horse assembly” – the neck is arched by a half ring, the head is tilted on the shoulder, the tail is on the departure.