If you want to learn how to understand architecture, get a special literature in which you can find definitions of each style and its main features. After reading, go for a walk to the nearest monument and try to characterize it. Ideal for exploring European monuments, but if you can’t afford a trip to one of the countries of Europe, you can always use the photo catalogue. In particular, the capital of the Czech Republic – Prague is called a museum for architects, because it is possible to find buildings of almost all existing styles.
The most characteristic style of architecture that manifested itself in Europe is Romanesque. It was he who prevailed in the middle of the 12th century in virtually all the cities now considered a territory of Europe. Buildings in this style, always made in the form of simple geometric shapes, are extended in length, have narrow windows and thick walls, as well as a number of other significant characteristics. A classic example of Romanesque style architecture is the rotunda of St. Martin, located in Vyšehrad (Czech Republic).
Gothic is the direction of architecture, which is characterized by the presence of cross vaults, tall pointed towers. Looking at buildings made in the Gothic style, it seems that his architect was contemplating soaring high up. The Gothic is characterized by grace and lightness, the most prominent example of this style is the Cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague.
Renaissance architecture directs all its strength to reinterpret the forms used in antiquity for construction. Typical “markers” of this style: symmetry, dominance of rectangular and square shapes, use of plaster. A classic example of Renaissance architecture can be considered the Schwarzenberg Palace, located in the capital of the Czech Republic.
Baroque is a style that combines the features of sculpture and architecture, it is characterized by the use of forms that are not familiar to the ordinary eye. For those who created Baroque buildings, it was important to express all their emotions, and it was necessary to do so with all possible dynamism. Wallenstein Palace in Prague, made in the Baroque style, is called one of the most beautiful and most majestic monuments of architecture.
In addition to the above styles, there are others, such as that: Neo-Renaissance, Art Nouveau, Cubism, etc. In order to learn how to distinguish them, practical skills are needed first and foremost. Get acquainted with architectural monuments, study them, and gradually you will learn to understand them.