How to act during the fall of mudflats in the mountains

Selehazard areas are commonly known. Anti-mudflats are built there, bypass channels are laid, measures are taken to reduce water levels in mountain lakes. Trees and shrubs are planted on the slopes of the mountains to strengthen the soil, ongoing monitoring is under way, evacuation plans are being developed in case of mudflats.

If you are alerted to a possible departure, alert your neighbors. Collect documents, money, a supply of food, water and medicine. If your neighbors need help because of old age or illness, help them with fees. Turn off the gas and electricity, close the windows and doors tightly. In case of emergency evacuation, climb to an elevated position to safety. Help rise to physically weak people.

If you are going on a mountain trek, carefully study the intended route — whether there are no greyhound areas. If weather services report heavy rainfall or heavy snow melt in this area, consider the possibility of a mudslide. The most dangerous season is spring and summer. Do not go out into the mountains and follow the weather change route. There is almost no chance of escaping by getting into a rapid stream, so you need to do everything to avoid meeting him.

The probability of mudflow directly depends on the steepness of the slope. With steepness over 60°, the decline can occur after any snowfall. Hazardous are bare, tree-free and shrubs slopes with steepness over 30°.

The movement of mudflats is accompanied by a rumble. Hearing this sound, try to immediately climb from the lowland to the mountain at least 100 m, of course staying away from river beds and streams. It should be borne in mind that large stones moving in the stream can be scattered in the sides for a long distance.

Each tourist group and in every home should have a first aid kit: sterile and elastic bandage, antiseptic (iodine, green or hydrogen peroxide), painkillers drugs. Provide pre-medical care to the victims. After the settlement, help rescuers in sorting out blockages and drifts and in evacuating the wounded.

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