How the Higgs boson was found

In the mid-60s of the last century few famous Edinburgh University lecturer Peter Higgs predicted the existence of a special particle, which is the basis of the modern model of the universe. It was for this reason that the Higs boson was dubbed the “God particle”. Experimentally confirm the existence of the particle was helped by BAC — the Large Hadron Collider, which is a grand installation for the study of elementary particles.

Higgs suggested that there is some medium or “aggravating” field, flying through which elementary particles begin to interact with it. The stronger the interaction, the slower the particle breaks through the medium, and the greater the mass this particle possesses. In the circles of physicists there was an idea: by means of a powerful accelerator to “pinch” part of the field, arranging a kind of “Big Bang on the contrary”.

According to the laws of quantum mechanics, the Higgs predicted “aggravating” field consists of quanta that are both wave and particle. Quants of the hypothetical Higgs field have been called bosons in science.

The idea behind the experiment was to smash a steam consisting of a proton and a Higgs boson with a powerful blow. This would allow you to see a liberated proton turned without a specific medium into a photon of light and another particle — the sought Higgs boson.

Experiments began in the early 1980s at the first collider built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research. Then it was not possible to find the Higgs boson, but many encouraging interim results were obtained. Work subsequently continued at the Large Hadron Collider, built in the Lake Geneva area. The new experiments lasted more than eleven years and allowed adjustments to the parameters of the studies, as well as to determine the range of measurements.

Several years of waiting and significant costs for a research project have come to fruition. CERN’s official press release on July 4, 2012 made a cautious statement that clear signs of the existence of a new particle fitting within the framework of Higgs’s proposed theory were identified. Despite the existing small probability of error, most physicists are confident that the search for the Higgs boson is successfully completed.

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