Novgorod was well guarded by guard detachments on the shores of the Gulf of Finland and in the Neva area. The first noticed the advance of enemies ishorians, their head reported about the impending trouble to the prince of the city – Alexander Yaroslavovich. The ruler decided to give a quick rebuff to the enemy and gathered his own friend. The Novgorod army was joined by residents of the nearest villages.
The enemy army did not expect such active and rapid action from the Russian troops, so the enemy was caught by surprise. Suddenness was one of the factors that ensured victory for Novgorodians. Alexander’s army attacked the Swedes early in the morning, and the battle ended after dark. The enemy army retreated and loaded its dead onto ships.
This battle was the first battle of the young prince, but the victory was very important for the whole of Russia. The main objective of the enemy was to cut off the state from entering the Baltic Sea, thus undermining trade. The Battle of Nevsky was the first in a series of battles to preserve the landlocked. The victory ensured the relative safety of Novgorod.
Little is known about the Battle of Neva itself, records of chroniclers are scarce and do not provide a whole picture of the events taking place. A lot of historians and scientists had to think about, build theories and assumptions. It is
not completely clear who exactly led the Swedish army. By one version, the army ruled the king. The “Zhitia of Alexander Nevsky” states that the primate was Jarl Birger II. But he received his title only in 1248, so he could not lead the army. Before Birger II the jarl was Ulf Fasi, some claim that he was the one who commanded the Swedish army.