Knowingly false information, which impair the honor and dignity of a citizen or undermine his reputation, will be punished with a fine of 500 thousand rubles. For public libel contained in a speech, media or a sold work, the fine will be significantly higher and will amount to 1 million rubles. If the official position was used in libel, the fine will amount to 2 million rubles.
The maximum amount of the fine will be imposed for false information, which contains information about the presence of illnesses that are dangerous to others and for the charge of a sexual offence character. In this case, the fine will be from 3 to 5 million rubles.
Libel against the judge, prosecutor, juror, investigator, interrogator, bailiffs, will be punishable by a fine of up to 2 million rubles. During the preliminary investigation, false information made to these persons is punishable by a fine of 1 million rubles. If the same acts are committed and officials are accused of committing serious or particularly serious crimes, the fine will be equal to 5 million rubles.
If there is no possibility to pay a fine or in the absence of income or property due to which a fine can be paid, the accused can be brought to corrective labor for a period of up to 480$ hours.
The main purpose of the newly enacted law is to make libel a criminal offense, not an administrative violation. During the discussion of the law, numerous disputes erupted. Opponents believed that without judicial reform, the law would be used for the benefit of officials and could be a cause for reprisals.
Vladimir Pozner wrote on his website that under current Russia, the new article could be used against political opposition. For example, if Mr. Navalny directly declares that “United Russia” is a party of crooks and thieves, he can be brought to justice, as he can not prove it in the near future.