Rapid population growth began since the 1960s. From 1960 to 1999, the number of inhabitants of the Earth more than doubled, topping the 6 billion mark in October 1999. Absolute population growth is now almost 77 million annually, with developing countries accounting for 95 per cent of that number. In practice, this means that nearly 67 million children cannot be educated, and 925 million people on Earth live in chronic hunger.
According to the UN, today the population of the globe has already exceeded 7 billion, by 2023 this figure will fall beyond 8 billion people. The biggest country by population will be India (1.6 billion people), which will overtake the modern leader, China.
At the same time, the population of European States, a number of developed countries and the Russian Federation will steadily decrease. According to the authoritative experts of the UN, Russia stands on the threshold of an emergency natural loss of citizens of working age. Between 1992 and 2007, the natural decline of Russians was 12.3 million. However, the figure was partially offset by migration. Demographers believe that the low fertility rate in Russia is due to a set of reasons: change in reproductive behavior of the population; presence of crisis phenomena in the country’s economy, evolution marriage and family institutions.$ In the near future, the number of births will also be affected by a sharp decline in the number of women of active reproductive age (20-29 years).
The United Nations is trying to draw the attention of the world community to the nodal problems affecting the number of inhabitants of the land: the establishment and development of the civil institution of the family, $ issues of procreation and emancipation. According to tradition, each Population Day is devoted to a specific theme: 2006 became the year of young people, in 2008 the central theme was declared “Family planning”, and 2010 was held under with the slogan “Everyone is meaningful”.
Many countries hold various solemn events dedicated to this holiday on 11 July: mass rallies and processions, sports competitions and marathons, creative competitions for the best literary or artistic work that draws public attention to population issues.$