1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki

4925 athletes from 65 countries participated in the competition. For the first time, athletes from the Soviet Union came to the Olympic Games, which for domestic sport became a very big event. The opportunity to meet athletes from countries with different political systems on sports grounds has become an important stage in establishing their peaceful coexistence. The Olympic Committee believed the sport was above any political differences. But in practice sports have become another way for capitalist and socialist countries to prove the benefits of their development path.

The fifteenth Olympics featured 17 sports in 149 disciplines. Due to the rivalry between Soviet and American athletes, the Helsinki Olympics was marked by 66 Olympic records, 18 of which were world. In the overall medal standings, the first place went to athletes from the United States who won 40 gold, 19 silver and 17 bronze awards. The second place of the Soviet Union participating in the Olympic Games for the first time was a great success, with Soviet athletes receiving 22 gold, 30 silver and 19 bronze awards. Third place went to Hungary’s team with 16 gold, 10 silver and 16 bronze awards.

The Helsinki Games made history and set records. So, the hammer throwers for the first time overcame the 60-meter mark, previously never subdued to anyone. The record was set by Hungarian representative József Cermak Took previously seemed out of reach the iconic frontier and high jumpers – the American Olympian Walter Aevis was able to jump to the cherished 2 meters.

For the Soviet Union, the first Olympic gold medal was won by discus thrower Nina Romashkova (Ponomareva), than forever inscribed her name in the history of domestic sports. Soviet gymnasts performed very well: Maria Gorokhovskaya won two gold and five silver medals, Viktor Chukarin won four gold and two silver medals, becoming an absolute Olympic champion. For the first time under the vaults of the Olympic hall, the anthem of the Soviet Union was played once after The

football match between the teams of Yugoslavia and the USSR developed very dramatically. After the first half the Yugoslavs won 4-0, the defeat of the USSR team seemed imminent. But the incredible happened in the second half, Soviet athletes managed to score five goals, conceding one. The main time ended in a draw, the half-hour extra didn’t reveal the winner either. The reignition in which the Soviet athletes all – conceded to the Yugoslavs with the score 3-1 was appointed. This had sad consequences — the players were punished, and the CDSA team, which made up the backbone of the Olympic team, disbanded.

An undoubted success was the second place of the Soviet basketball team, for the first time competing at the Olympiad The first place was won by athletes from the United States, the third — Olympians from Uruguay.

Athletes from the United States performed magnificently in diving, winning all four gold medals. But in weightlifting, Soviet athletes were able to stand up to the Americans with dignity. As a result, Americans won 4 gold, athletes from the USSR — three.

One of the curiosities of the Summer Olympics in Helsinki was that they were not officially closed — at the closing ceremony, IOC President Siegfried Edstrom gave a big speech, but forgot to say the main words are “I declare the Games of the XV Olympics closed”. Therefore, officially the games in Helsinki are still considered open.

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