Which countries are part of the Transcauction

Where is the Transcaucasia

North of the Greater Caucasus range, which forms an almost impregnable wall of more than 1100 km, is located the PreCaucasia or North Caucasus. This region is part of Russia. To the south lies Transcaucasia, which is in the seismic zone, on the crust fault of the Earth.


The region consists of three States: Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.$ Despite the commonality of the territory, these countries are strikingly different. Thus, Azerbaijanis profess Muslim, whereas Georgians and Armenians adopted Christianity in the 4th century.

These three countries experienced the influence of multiple cultures, experienced periods of independence and invasions of neighboring empires. In the 20th century they became part of the Soviet Union. Since its dissolution in 1991, the issues of border – building and rights of national minorities have been the cause of many conflicts in these now independent States.$


The area of this country is about 30 thousand square kilometers. Modern Armenia occupies a territory 10 times smaller than in the past Greater Armenia. But the culture of this country, drawing on its ancient religion and language, retains its identity.

It is the first state in the world to officially adopt Christianity. The Armenian Church, founded in 301, is autocephalous, independent of other churches, with its head a Catholicos.

In highland Armenia, less than half of the land is suitable for agriculture, so half of the population is focused on the only plain around Yerevan.


Its area is almost 87 thousand square kilometers. It is the largest and most populated country of Transcaucasia. The territories belonging to Persia since the 7th century were gradually Islamized. Most Azerbaijanis are Shita Muslims, as are their neighbors Iranians. However, the language and culture of Azerbaijan as a whole are increasingly influenced by Turkey.

When oil deposits were found in the country in the late 19th century, Baku became an industrial capital. Today, the Azerbaijani government has high hopes for the oil development of the Caspian Sea.


The area of this Transcaucasian country is about 70 thousand square kilometers. The nature of Georgia is extremely diverse: in the north – mountains, in the center – a plain with steppes, semi-deserts and forests, in the west – plantations of tea, grapes, citrus fruits, tobacco. These beautiful lands in different centuries sought to conquer Romans, Khazars, Turks, Mongols, Persians. In the 19th century, Georgia became part of the Russian Empire.

Tiflis (now Tbilisi) in the Middle Ages was the cultural capital of Transcaucasia. At all times Georgia beckoned people of creativity with its natural color and authentic culture. Alexander Griboedov, Mikhail Lermontov, Leo Tolstoy often visited this country.

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