1. The grandeur and power of
Alps form a giant mountain range. It stretches from the Mediterranean Sea in the west and to the Danube in the east. The Alps are in the territory of seven states: Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia. At its widest part, in Austria, the mountains reach an altitude of 250 km. In length, they are five times larger. Remarkably, the Alps continue to grow. Each year they add 10 mm. However, the forces of nature — water, wind, sun, ice — are negating this growth. The greatness and power of the Alps attract millions of tourists annually.
2. The highest point
Mount Mont Blanc is the apogee of the Alps. Its height is 4807 m. The mountain is on the French-Italian border. There is also a tunnel connecting the two countries.
High in the Alps accumulates a lot of snow. It turns into huge masses of ice. Subsequently, they move slowly down the slopes under their own gravity and atmospheric conditions. The speed of glacial flow is approximately 1 cm per year.
Mountain Lakes in the Alps appeared during glacier collapse 10 thousand years ago. They occupy depressions of ancient glacial hollows enclosed by natural obstacles. The biggest of the lakes is Lehman. Its length is about 73 km.
Edelweiss is the most characteristic plant of the Alps. It occurs at an altitude of between 1800 and 2500 m, above the upper boundary of forests. It is an area of the last flowering alpine meadows dotted with thousands of summer flowers. There you can see many magnificent natural clearings, huge rock debris, dwarf bushes, springs and mountain rivers. High altitude does not allow to actively grow crops, but in alpine meadows it is good to graze cows, which locals do.
6. Human mastering
People settled in the Alps long ago. This is evidenced by 100,000 drawings on shale slabs in the Valley of Wonders, in the French department of the Maritime Alps. Scientists believe humans painted them 3,800 years ago in honor of the gods they revered.
Underground resources of the Alps are poor. In order not to buy oil and coal for heating and electricity generation, hundreds of dams have been built, the power of which feeds hydroelectric power. The highest dam of the Alps is considered to be the Grand Dixens, located in Switzerland. It lies at 284 m.
Alpine cheeses are famous all over the world. The Swiss gruyère and emmental are best known. The latter is in the form of huge millstones with massive irregularly shaped holes, and the former is more modest in size, with small round holes.