1. Country of mountains, lakes, rivers and forests
The main part of Norway is the Scandinavian Alps, a long and massive mountain system whose ranges form the border with Sweden. From the glacial caps sheltering these peaks are fed by thousands of rivers flowing down the slopes and flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The coast is riddled with countless fjords, and lakes across Norway number about 160 thousand.
Approximately 1/4 of the country is forested. Agricultural land covers only 3% of mostly mountainous areas.
2. Amazing climate
Thanks to the warm Nordkap Nordkap coast of Norway never braces ice, even near Cape Nordkap. There are no severe frosts on the coast: the difference between average temperatures in summer and winter does not exceed 12°C. However, in October the mountain slopes are covered with snow and there is a strife for skiers.
3. Norwegian Vikings
History of ancient Norway is inseparable from the art of shipbuilding and seafaring. Norwegian Vikings, who worshipped the god of thunder Thor and the god of war Odin, reached the Shetland Islands as early as the early 8th century. They then moved towards the Orkney Islands, the Hebrides, the Isle of Man, Ireland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland. In 982, the Norwegians established a colony in Greenland, and another few decades later, around 1022, landed in America, on the island of Newfoundland. Unlike the Danish Vikings, they were not as often engaged in looting, and generally lived trade.
4. Under Danish oppression
, Norway gained full independence only in 1905. And before that, it was under the influence of neighboring Denmark, which also had power over Sweden. This lasted until the early 19th century. In 1814 Norway became a possession of Sweden.
5. World Wars
Norway was able to stay out of World War I. However, in 1940, like Denmark, it was taken over by Fascist Germany. The occupation lasted until the end of the war. In 1949 Norway entered NATO and still remains there.
6. The population
Norway is considered one of Europe’s most sparsely populated countries. There are just over 5 million people living in the country. The bulk of the population, as in olden times, is concentrated on the coast.
7. Rich country
In 1966 in Norway, oil and gas deposits were discovered at the bottom of the sea. This finding completely transformed the country’s economy. Since 1985, Norway has been among the wealthiest states in Europe. Developed fishing and forestry industries also played an important role in this regard. Norwegians are happy with their own economy and are in no hurry to join the European Union, other than their Scandinavian peninsula neighbours.