Previously bikes weren’t like the ones we’re used to today. The first prototype of the bike can be considered four-wheel invention by Italian Giovanni Fontana. However, this means of movement did not become popular. The following bicycle information is not recorded until 400 years later. Back to the idea of inventing a new vehicle forced a shortage of horses.
In 1813 Carl von Drez introduced a four-wheeled device, which was called a “running machine”. He presented the finished invention after 5 years. It has already become more of a prototype of a modern bicycle: two wheels, a wooden frame, a steering wheel and a leather saddle. The vehicle weighed 23 kilograms. Unlike modern ones, the bike of the time had no pedals, which made it more like today’s “rungowel”.
After the invention of Carl von Drez, the bike underwent many changes. So, in the 60s of the 19th century the wheels became steel, pedals appeared. However, the bike was found to be unsafe as there was no braking system. The very name “bike” was coined by the inventor from France Joseph Nilsefort. Pedals bike received in the early 1940s. They were supplied with the invention by the Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan. The result was a vehicle outwardly similar to a modern bicycle. However, it differed in the process of riding — the pedals of the bike needed to be pushed.
In 1845, an engineer from Britain Thompson designed and obtained a patent for an inflatable tire for wheels, and 7 years later a French inventor put pedals on the front wheel of the vehicle, that already needed to spin. A bicycle similar to the modern one, the master created in 1863. Mass production of this vehicle was jointly launched by the Olivier brothers, who were industrialists and engineer Pierre Michaud. Exactly the latter and came up with replacing the wooden frame with a metal one.
It is believed that the very name “bike” to the vehicle was given by an engineer. In 1969, in order to attract the population to the invention, it was decided to arrange cycling races on the roads of France. It was pointed out that the control of the structure was available by having “elephant strength and the agility of a monkey.” Over time, the vehicle was improved, began to be made predominantly of metal, tight rubber was put on wheels, frames and hollow forks were made of tubes.
In 1879, the English inventor Hilman began selling all-metal bicycles with high wheels. The magnitude of the front wheel was twice that of the rear. Such bicycles were called “pennie-farthing”. They were unsafe, so over time the invention began to be made with the same wheels of not very large diameter.
In 1884, John Kemp – an inventor from England – created a new model of bicycle, which he called the “rover” (pen. “vagrant”, “wanderer). Interestingly, the inventor later set up the Pover Company, which grew a giant automotive concern. A new model bike gained chain gear on the rear wheel, the Cyclist began to sit between wheels that were equal in diameter. In the future, the rovers began to improve.
In 1888, inflatable tires made from rubber appeared, in 1898 — brake pedals. By the early 20th century, bicycles had developed a speed switching mechanism. Finally, in 1950, thanks to the cyclist from Italy Tullio Campagnolo, a modern mechanism emerged.
In the 21st century, bicycles gained great popularity. Cycling is developing in cities, joined by an increasing number of people. It is hard to imagine that the bike used to be considered an uncomfortable and dangerous means of movement.