Where the events of the myth occurred
Terrain, where the events of the poetic myth of the wise knot unfold, was called Phrygia in antiquity. It is now the western and central territory of Turkey. The ancient city of Gordion was the capital of the once powerful Phrygian kingdom in Asia Minor. The famous name Gordius was borne by many Phrygian kings, so it is assumed that the myth features a collecting image of the rulers of the ancient kingdom.
In the kingdom was very developed pastoralism and farming, many myths directly and indirectly indicate their special place in the life of the population. So the first king of the kingdom allegedly was a simple peasant with two oxen, and for killing or stealing the latter the death penalty was assumed. We can assume that there were deposits of gold in the territory of Phrygia. Legends and tales of Midas’ gift hardly appeared on empty ground.
Legend of the Gordiese knot
There is a legend that Phrygian priests of the temple of Zeus allegedly predicted that their king would be the first person to enter their city. This man became none other than the agriculturalist Gordius, who would later enter ancient Greek myths as the wise ruler and adoptive father of the equally mythical Midas.
Gordiev knot is called a very difficult and confusing situation.
Gordius, in order to immortalize this event, tied his famous chariot to the altar in the temple of Zeus, according to the priests, a very clever knot. The prediction was born that whoever manages to untangle the knot would rule the world. True, apparently, the authority over Phrygia was mentioned. How great was the number of wishing to untangle this noddle, it remains only to guess.
That tied the Gordian knot
According to legend, an intricate knot made of kizyl bark was connected with the yoke of the chariot of King Gordius. Most writers point out that the knot was so complex that it was impossible to untangle it, and the determined commander Alexander the Great snatched a sharp sword and simply destroyed it.
“ Break the Gordian knot” – solve a difficult task.
However, according to the evidence of the engineer and architect of the Macedonian army – Aristobulus, Alexander simply took out the hook from the front end of the hole, on which, proper, and fixed the belt. On the basis of this myth, in which the ancients unconditionally believed, the eponymous phraseologism arose. “Break the Gordian knot” figuratively means decisive action in a non-standard situation.