What Russias foreign policy was in the 19th century

Russo-French War The

beginning of the 19th century marked for Russia an uneasy war with Napoleon. His invasion was devastating to the economy and functioning of a number of cities, but the Russian army managed to score an uneasy but impressive victory in 1812. The French army turned to flee, after which Napoleon Bonaparte made attempts to raise a new army.

For this reason, the military campaign was continued outside Russia. On 18 May 1814, a treaty was signed in Paris by Russia, Austria and Prussia, according to which France was returned its borders to Napoleonic invasions, and it was decided to take away his power. This led to the strengthening of Russia’s position and prestige on the world stage.

Establishment of the Holy Union

In 1815, the Holy Union was established, which Emperor Alexander I signed on September 14. All the monarchs of Europe also joined this association except England. The purpose of the union was to preserve existing borders and strengthen monarch power in countries.

The accession of Poland and the revolutionary crisis in Europe

In the second quarter of the 19th century there was a so-called revolutionary rise (or crisis) in European countries. The national liberation movements declared themselves, and the rulers of states had to reckon with them. The overthrow of the Bourbon dynasty in France took place, followed by an uprising in Poland. The revolutionary danger that came from the European States could not help but disturb Nicholas I, who ascended to the throne after Alexander I. He sent troops in favor to suppress the rebellion, $ was commanded by the Russian army General Dibić. The operation was carried out successfully, and the Kingdom of Poland became part of Russia as a result.

The situation in the East and South from the Empire

In the third quarter of the 19th century, the main tension moved to the Eastern Region. In 1877 — 1878 the Russo-Turkish War took place, which was quite heavy, but as a result the Russian army liberated Bulgaria from Turkish rule.

The situation in the East worsened also because England sought to expand its borders, claiming to be located in the south-east of Russia in the territory. Russia could not accept such a close neighbourhood of England, so the situation was quite tense.

However, Russia’s expansion into the South was also very successful. By the middle of the 19th century it was possible to annex Kazakhstan to the territory of Russia, soon there were campaigns to the Emirate of Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand principalities. Merwa, whose territory was located on the border with Afghanistan belonging to England, was captured. In 1887, the Russo-Afghan border was secured, an agreement was drawn up between Russia and England.

Late 19th century

In the late 19th century Germany significantly strengthened its position. The Triple Union was formed and the following countries joined: Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary. Another, equally powerful Entente unification, which consisted of Russia, England and France, was created to neutralize the influence of the Triple Union. Still, it only heightened tensions.

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