What is Phonetics Phonetics
, as a section of language science, studies the sound composition of speech: sounds, sound combinations, syllables, percussion in a word. The word “background” in Greek is sound. The object of studying phonetics is not all sounds made or reproduced by humans, but only those used for speech communication in the dictionary of a particular language.
Sounds and letters
First, one must clearly imagine that sounds and letters are not the same thing. Sound is the smallest unit of speech, it’s what people hear and utter. And letters are signs with which they agreed to denote sounds. Written speech originated at a certain stage in the development of a particular people’s culture for mediated communication. The letter writing originally envisioned image and transmission using a specific speech sound icon. Because there are plenty of active sounds in human language, such a matching of sounds and letters would make the alphabet too cumbersome. Therefore, certain rules of reading letters began to appear in different situations. In many world languages, the number of sounds and letters in words may not match, sometimes significantly. This is especially typical of French.
Russian alphabet In Russian in a
strong position (under percussion) distinguishes 6 vowel sounds: A, O, U, S, And, E and 36 consonant sounds. In addition, consonant sounds in Russian form 11 pairs by call/deafness and 15 pairs by hard/softness. As for letters, there are currently 31 letters and 2 characters in the Russian alphabet: Kommersant and Y.
Phonetic parsing order
To conduct a phonetic analysis of a word, it is necessary, firstly, to write it unmistakably in a line, breaking it into syllables, and to signify an accent. After that, the word is written in a column by letter. Next to each letter in square brackets is its transcription. If the letter does not transmit a sound (,), the line does not continue. If the letter in this situation is a diphthong and transmits two sounds, transcription of both sounds is given (for example, these may be letters: and, e, yo, yu, i). Then through the dash, each sound is characterized: for vowels, a percussion or ungiven position is indicated; consonant sounds are distinguished by hardline/softness and deaf/ringing. In conclusion, the line under which the number in the word of letters and sounds is signed.