Lenin: German spy or sincere revolutionary?
Who can be considered a spy or agent of a foreign power? It is usually called those who knowingly, by conviction or for money, perform tasks of intelligence organizations of another state. The spy is always aware that he benefits his masters and damages his home state. If you are guided by this point of view, it is impossible to call Lenin a spy even with great tension.
Lenin, throughout his revolutionary activities, never committed acts that could directly benefit any foreign power. There are no objective evidence and documents confirming that he was in the service of foreign intelligence.
Accusations against the leader of the proletariat are usually based on the fact that money from Germany was received by Alexander Parvus, known not only revolutionary activities, but also by their adventurism.$
Did Vladimir Lenin cooperate with the enemies of Tsarist Russia? Yes, if you can call cooperation actions directed against autocracy and for the victory of the proletarian revolution in Russia. But any options for such cooperation Lenin always used not to increase the military and political power of Germany or other states, but to achieve the goals of the Bolsheviks Party.
So was Lenin a German spy?
No one will deny today that the German government and the Bolsheviks pursued the same goals before the beginning of the revolution in Russia. It is about overthrowing the ruling regime and depriving the Russian emperor of political power. The Germans even made certain concessions, allowing a group of Russian Social Democrats who lived in emigration to pass through Germany to return to Russia.
The fact of Lenin’s passage through Germany in a sealed wagon is another argument in favor of his cooperation with the Germans. However, serious researchers do not consider this story as an argument.
Perhaps the German leadership secretly hoped that the Bolsheviks, returning to Russia, would do their best to decompose the Russian army and overthrow of their government. But after the overthrow of Tsarism in Russia and the victory of the Bolsheviks in 1917, the strategic interests of Germany and Lenin dispersed. Russia has again become a political and military adversary of Germany, as evidenced by the course of historical events.
The discussion about the possible spy side of Lenin’s life is far from over. Nowadays, this theme has an ideological sound. Those forces that two decades ago deployed in Russia activities on restoration of capitalism, it is advantageous to accuse the leader of the socialist revolution not only of espionage, but also of all other mortals sins. Apparently, only time and new, deeper historical research will help finally shed light on the question of who Vladimir Lenin really was.