Valentin Glushko: brief biography

Childhood and youth

 Today began to forget the once famous phrase about the benefit of reading: who reads a lot, that much and knows. A great store of knowledge must also possess the writer, otherwise no one will read books written by him. When in the hands of thirteen-year-old Valentin Glushko got the novel “From Earth to the Moon” by French science fiction writer Jules Verne, he read it, which is called, into one seat. The book made the deepest impression on the boy. He began to be interested in everything concerning heaven and celestial bodies. I thoroughly got carried away with the study of astronomy.

The future maker of rocket engines came to light on September 2, 1908 in the family of an employee. Valentine turned out to be the second child out of three. At that time the parents lived in the famous city of Odessa. His father, who came from the peasants, managed to obtain higher education and worked in the Maritime Department. The mother was involved in housework and raising children. The boy showed drawing and music abilities from an early age. Easily memorized foreign words and expressions. In the professorial school “Metal” Glushko studied well, mastering the basics of physics and mathematics.

Professional activity

Being a schoolboy, Glushko wrote a letter to the founder of theoretical cosmonautics Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. For four years they consisted of active correspondence. In 1925, after graduating from school, Valentin left for Leningrad and joined the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the local university. By then, he had written a book called “The Problem of Exploitation of Planets”. After receiving his diploma, a young specialist came to work in the Gas Dynamic Laboratory, leading the direction on the development of rocket engines. In 1933 he was transferred with promotion to the Moscow Research Institute of Reactive Propulsion.

Events taking place in the country, were not bypassed and Valentina Glushko. By false denunciation, he was sentenced to a long sentence. However, there was nobody to replace the engineer in the laboratory. The designer was transferred to a barracks position in, so-called, “sharashka”, which operated at the Tushinsky aircraft engine plant. During the war, Glushko was engaged in creating engines for naval torpedoes and fighter aircraft. After his victory he studied trophy missile technology in Germany.

Recognition and personal life

For his modest contribution to the launch of the first artificial Earth satellite, Academician Glushko was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor. In 1961, after Yuri Gagarin’s successful spaceflight received this rank secondary.


academic’s personal life was uneasy. He tried four times to start a family. Twice the marriage was officially registered. The rocket engine designer grew up two sons and two daughters. Valentin Petrovich Glushko died in January 1989 of a stroke. He was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.

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