The beginning of the 20th century is considered an era of rapid growth in science and industrial production. Research in electronics and solid state physics has been conducted in all industrialized countries. At that time, the physical institute operating in Petrograd was one of the leaders. Juliy Borisovich Khariton came to the walls of this scientific institution as a student. He was carried away by the tasks that were solved here. Possessing system-analytical thinking, the young scientist was able to combine creative teams to achieve the goal.
The future academic came to light on February 27, 1904 in an intelligent family. The parents at that time lived in St. Petersburg. His father was involved in journalism. His articles and essays were published in central Russian newspapers. Her mother served as an actress at the Bolshoi Drama Theatre. Two older sisters have already grown up in the house. When the age came, the boy was determined in a real school. After graduating, Chariton had to work as a mechanic for the telegraph for a full year. The young man was admitted to the institute only in 1920, when he turned sixteen.
Julius entered the Polytechnic Institute and immediately got to the Department of Physics. He listened with great interest to lectures by the famous academic Abram Fedorovich Ioffe. In the second year, the student managed to work in one of the laboratories. The novice scientist independently prepared all the necessary instruments and conducted a number of experiments to study the properties of metal vapors. After graduating from the institute, Chariton was invited to an internship at the Nuclear Physics Laboratory, which was run by the legendary Ernest Rutherford.
Chariton defended his PhD at Cambridge and returned to his homeland, where he began dealing with explosives problems. When the war began, Yuliy Borisovich is engaged in analyzing trophy samples and creating his own production of explosives. In 1943 he was transferred to Igor Kurchatov Institute, and work was carried out on the creation of atomic weapons. A few months later, Chariton was appointed head of the Special Design Bureau. This is where both atomic and hydrogen bombs were created.
Recognition and personal life
The energy of the atom was not only used to create weapons. In the USSR built the first power plant, based on a nuclear reactor. The party and government praised Julius Chariton’s contribution to the creation of deterrence weapons. Academician became three times Hero of Socialist Labour. He was awarded the Lenin Prize and three Stalin Prize.
Personal life of the scientist developed safely. Yuliy Borisovich lived the whole conscious life in one marriage. Husband and wife raised and raised a daughter. Academician Chariton died in December 1996.