You will need
- – textbooks on Russian language;
- – manual “Russian Grammar 1980″,
- – manuals on modern Russian language for universities.
Communion is one of the parts of speech that synthesizes the signs of the other two, which are basic — the adjective and verb. Some linguistic schools believe that participle should not be singled out as a separate part of speech, and it is a type of adjective name. From the latter, the participle appeared morphological signs — genus, number, case, as well as the grammatical value of the feature of the subject. From the verb, this part of speech borrowed the categories of time, type, and pledge.
It is most difficult to distinguish participle from the name of an adjective, since they both answer the same questions and have the same meaning of the trait subject. To understand which part of speech a word refers to, it is necessary to substitute a special turnover (for example, “the one who leaves”). If substitution succeeds, the word studied is participle.
Communion can possess a dependent word, then it makes sense to talk about implicit turnover. As an example, consider the sentence “Mummy’s cooked pie lay on the windowsill.” “Cooked by Mom” here serves as a partial turnover, from communion you can ask a question to the noun — “prepared by whom?”
In some sentences, the involved turnover is located before the word it defines. For example, “The sound engineer listened to the song recorded yesterday”, where “song” is the defined word and “recorded yesterday” is the implicit turnover. If you change the location of the turnover and put it behind the defined word, the meaning of the sentence remains the same.
is distinguished by commas if it is in a postposition with respect to the word being defined. For example, “He fled from people frightening him with his unwillingness to develop, and hoped in time to find that very world.” Involved turnover should include all words that depend on the participle, as well as those words to which a question can be asked from a given part of the speech. Based on this, it is possible to easily define the limits of turnover. If the defined word is before the involved turnover, the latter is not isolated: “He fled from the people who frightened him by his unwillingness to develop.”