Numerous excavations on the territory of Moscow confirm the version that settlements on this site appeared long before its mentions in the annals. This is not surprising, because Moscow lands are great for life, both in terms of sustenance – fertile land, rich game forests, and in terms of construction – a large number of quality pine wood. In addition, this area has an excellent strategic position – here interbreed the main trade routes of ancient Russia, which passed mostly on rivers, as most of the territory occupied impenetrable forest.
Excavations confirm that these sites were inhabited as early as the Stone Age, but Slavs only came here in the 9th century. This is spoken by the distinctly non-Slavic names of local rivers that still use today. The extant ancient names indicate that the Slavs actively interacted with some other tribes that inhabited the territory of future Moscow from ancient times. It is safe to say that a wooden fortress with an earth shaft appeared on the site of Moscow at the end of the 9th century.
In the annals, Moscow is first mentioned only in 1147. Prince Yuri Dolgoruky convenes his allies to discuss important issues and appoints the city of Moskov as a meeting place. Guests do not need to explain where it is, so this city was known at that time. Besides, together with guests Yuri Dolgoruky celebrates the day of Praise of the Virgin and rolls up a big feast. This indicates that Moscow in those days was not just a village, but rather a large settlement in which it was possible to receive high guests dignified.
After 1147, Moscow is mentioned in the annals more and more frequently. Thus we learn that in 1156 new mighty fortifications are erected in the city, and the territory is increased several times. During the Tatar-Mongol invasion, Moscow could not escape destruction, but it was very quickly built up and soon took a prominent position in the Russian cities.