After the First World War the Kaiser power in Germany was overthrown, between 1919 and 1933 in Germany established liberal democratic regime, but there is no surprise that democracy was replaced in a moment by dictatorship. In the political life of the Weimar Republic (so it is customary to call Germany of this period) there was a lot of problems, which were exacerbated by postwar economic ruin, and then the world economic crisis of 1929.
By the early 30s, there were virtually no representatives of democratic parties left in the German Parliament, and in the 1932 elections won hitler National Socialists, they didn’t have an absolute majority yet, but the strongest party in the country they became. They could be opposed by Germany’s Communist Party, but the Soviet Union helping it gave unambiguous instructions not to fight the NSDAP, considering Hitler as its ally.
In late 1932, Hitler demanded that the president of the Hindenburg country appoint him chancellor. It is known that Hitler discovered data on financial frauds with state grants, which was handled by Hindenburg’s son. To prevent this information from coming to light, Hindenburg had to appoint Hitler as chancellor. In doing so, the president was extremely disliked by Hitler, but hoped that he could use his party for his own purposes.
Thus Hitler gained power in a quite legal way, since the chancellor’s appointment of the leader of the largest party was entirely in line with the constitution. In doing so, Hitler never enjoyed popular love, as was commonly believed in the time of the Third Reich, and did not seize power, as was commonly believed after the collapse of Fascist Germany.
The country’s financial elite, who actively supported Hitler, hoped to use this fanatic to their own ends. The ordinary people who didn’t vote for Hitler just didn’t believe such a person would linger in power for a long time. But after becoming chancellor, Hitler showed everyone how wrong they were: now the elite was dancing to his spirit, and the silent majority in a matter of months was intimidated by the terror that unfolded in the country.
Already a few weeks after Hitler’s appointment as chancellor in Germany, freedom of assembly and press freedom were abolished, then denied power Parliament, trade unions were dispersed, all parties were banned by summer except the NSDAP, persecution of Jews began, and the first camps for political prisoners were opened. At the same time, the unemployment rate in the country went down sharply and the people, who finally gained economic stability, at first did not mind losing some civil liberties for the sake of it.
In 1934 President Hindenburg died, his office was abolished, and Adolf Hitler became absolute ruler of Germany, awarding himself the title of Führer.