Numerous archaeological studies show that farming originated 10-12 thousand years ago in the area so called Fertile Crescent – an area of the Middle East with abundant natural irrigation, and hence fertile soils.$ There were wild species of various cereals and legumes on this territory, which man had used even before he had cultivated them.
There are several hypotheses as to exactly how and why there was a shift from harvesting wild plants to growing them, but none of them count priority, scientists converge on one thing – farming appeared in several areas independently of each other.$
The oldest theory belongs to Gordon Child, who proposed the term itself – the Neolithic Revolution. Child suggested that humans became engaged in farming in rare oases that remained on land frozen by the Ice Age. But this theory does not stand up to criticism, as according to research the emergence of farming is associated with the post-glacial period.
Another theory links the emergence of farming to some new religious cult that encouraged people to be near dead ancestors, that is, change nomadic life to settled.
It is believed that the increase in the number of people is related to farming, but there is a theory that people have had to grow plants because, $ that the population became too large and it became impossible to feed hunting and gathering.
Interesting the fiesta hypothesis: scientists suggest that ancient people liked to arrange crowded holidays, and for them it was necessary to stock a large quantity of products that is possible only when building special buildings for storage.
It was the emergence of farming that led to the emergence of the first civilizations, cities, made people more independent of climatic conditions.