Instead of an epigraph — the great Bernard Shaw: “I am not afraid of anything in the world as days off.”
The word “workaholism” was first introduced in 1971 by Wayne Oates, a priest and psychologist from the United States. In the same year, he will publish the book “The Confession of a Workaholic”. However, as recently as 52 years before, Hungarian psychoanalyst Sándor Ferenczi, an associate and like-minded fellow of the great Freud, described a disease called “Sunday neurosis.” When the work week was ending, some Ferenczi patients complained of general apathy, lack of life plans, insidiousness, anger, guilt, and so on; this would later describe as calssic symptoms of withdrawal syndrome, when an addiction object is taken away from the addict (for example, an addict athlete skips training). In a strange way, patients were recovering as soon as Monday went out to work.
Now there is no single understanding of workaholism, there is no precise definition and methods of study, classifications there are a great many. By the way, and the term itself needs to be clarified, because they talk about workaholism, about labor, about work…
Generally, workaholism and hard work share, and if the latter should be encouraged and nurtured, the first is a disease that should be prevented, treated and preventative measures.
Most authors agree that the basic difference between a hardworking person and a workaholic is addiction and pleasure. Hardworking person does not experience pathological cravings for work, he aims for the result, he understands that without rest the workability falls and, accordingly, plans a quality rest, which becomes part of his job. Plus – they don’t neglect the family. Workaholic is another matter: care for health he supports only in words, does not know how to rest or do not like, or they work mainly for the sake of the process, and the family is perceived as a vexing hindrance, a barrier to another project, another task.$
Professor Kekelidze, deputy director of the State Scientific Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry, says a person should not be a workaholic but a “victorious” because “the second makes a career not a round-the-clock job, but with his head, energy, organization, clear formulation of goals.”
The world leader of workaholism is South Korea (perhaps in some case North, but there is no data). This country has the greatest number of reworkings, unnormal working days and, as a result, ill underperforming workers. Korea’s health ministry, for example, extended an order that cuts electricity in all ministry buildings at 6 p.m., exactly. This is to keep everyone going home, not sitting down until midnight. This measure was taken after cases of divorce among employees increased, as well as the fertility rate decreased (this is against the background of rare suicides on the grounds of redevelopment). The sexual activity of the workaholic is, by the way, very low; and vice versa – families where they have sex approximately, on average, twice a week, husbands are less likely to take jobs on the house, because there is a a nicer thing (albeit taking less time).
Psychologists, psychotherapists and psychiatrists recommend such rules for preventing workaholism:
1.$ Do you think, do you work to live, or live to work?
2. Don’t stay working overtime unless there’s a truly acute manufacturing need.
3. Don’t grab for every new opportunity. Bring the previous cases to a close.
4. Delegate if you’re a supervisor. Share your work, do not take up all the responsibilities.
5. Take breaks in work. If the schedule allows, try this: 55 minutes work, 5 minutes – rest, and not scrolling, but calm nothing.
6. A minimum of 12 hours must elapse from leaving work to the time of return. How do you do that? Plan your time and work more accurately.
7. Make a work plan for every day of the week. The time frame is tight. Have not had time – suffer, but out of work, on the way home.
8. Ban on phrases like “I work just for you.” That’s not true, a workaholic works for its own sake.
Sometimes it is advised to find a hobby, but there is a pitfalls – a hobby at a workaholic often turns into the next passion after work.
Workaholism is often triggered by family problems when a person escapes from the family to where they are valued or, at least, are not washed. About it in the next article.
In the most severe cases, when the workaholism of a husband or wife threatens family well-being, it is necessary to see a specialist, self-help does not work here.