The second games were already held according to all rules – a contest of cities took place, and at the opening ceremony in the winning Swiss St. Moritz the Olympic flame was lit. Before the break caused by the Second World War, the Olympic Games were held in the American Lake Placid (1932) and German Garmisch-Partenkirchen (1936). The first post-war winter competitions again took place in the Swiss St. Moritz (1948), but athletes who lost the war to Germany and Japan were not invited to them.
In 1956 the Winter Olympiad finally came to the server of Europe, whose states always get the lion’s share of medals. VI games were held in the Norwegian capital, in Oslo. After 46 years Norway once again hosted the Winter Olympiad – XVII games were held in Lillehammer. As this is not strange, no other Nordic country has held a Winter Olympics to date. But in the United States they took place four times (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002), in France – three (1924, 1968, 1992). Two times each were played in Japan (1972, 1998), Austria (1964, 1976), Canada (1988, 2010) and Italy (1956, 2006). Once the Winter Forum of Olympians took place in Yugoslavia (1984). In 2014, Russia has to be added to this list, which has received the right to host XXII games, and in four years – South Korea, which will become the hostess of the XXIII Winter Olympics.