What field flower is called Ivan-da Marja
In fact this name is called several completely different plants belonging to different families. Therefore, it is quite difficult to tell exactly what flower our ancestors called. Anyway, it is known that this name bears a bicolor flower, usually yellow with purple.
More often than not, ivanom da marya is called a plant known in botany as maryannik oak – an annual wild growing plant, distinguished by bright yellow flowers with purple bracts. Other names for this plant are ivanova grass, brother with sister.
Sometimes ivanom da maryei is also called tricolor violet (pansies) or meadow sage, less often – small barvinok.
Legends of Ivana da Marja
The most common version of the legend explaining the name of the flower is related to the name of Ivan Kupala.
Born once in the same family twins — boy and girl, Kupala and Kostroma. When they were still young children, Kupalu was carried away to distant edges by the bird Sirin. Years later, a young man would sail down the river in a boat, wandering in unfamiliar lands. That hour past his boat sailed a maiden wreath. Kupala picked him up, and coming to shore, he met his mistress, the beauty Kostroma. Young people loved each other with all their hearts. They married according to Slavic custom. And only then, when they came to their native village, they learned that their brother and sister were coming to each other.
According to one version of the legend, the gods punished Kostroma and Kupala for their forbidden love, turning them into a flower. According to another version, the unfortunate lovers themselves asked the gods to never separate.
Another version of betray tells that Kostroma, without taking shame, went to stomp in the river and turned into a mermaid, mara.
The most violent legend tells of a sister who tried to seduce her brother, for which he was killed. Before she died, she asked to plant this flower on her grave. A
more “bland” story is about a brother and sister who lived on the riverbank. One day the sister was lured by mermaids and turned into mara, the wife of a waterman. Then her brother collected wormwood grass and with her help overcame the water.
The symbolism of the plant
Ivan-da Marya is one of the main symbols of the festival of Ivan Kupala, a sign of unbreakable love.
In addition, yellow is believed to symbolize fire and purple to symbolize water (dew). Thus, ivan-da-marya is a symbol of unity of opposites, a sign of fire and water.