The tallest tree on the planet
Sequoia is a woody plant belonging to the cypress family and conifer class. Experts consider this tree to be the tallest and oldest on Earth. Unique plants are often about seventy meters tall and even more, corresponding to the size of a building of twenty-five floors.
Individual trees reach a height of 110 m, and their age is supposedly two to three thousand years.
Sequoias are often referred to as “mammoth trees”. They grow not too large rowhorls on one of the slopes of the California upland Sierra Nevada. Plants are accustomed to a height of more than one and a half kilometers where they feel very comfortable.
Researchers agree that tree-giants could have existed as early as a couple hundred million years ago. In those distant times dating back to the Jurassic period, the ancestors of modern sequoia occupied vast tracts of land in the northern regions of the planet. Today, the area where these trees grow has been greatly reduced. Not least of all this is due to the active economic activity of man.
Record holders among plants
Sequoia National Park, located in California, has a convenient viewing platform from which to admire majestic trees. The platform is arranged on a rock, to the top of which steps lead. The
mesmerizing views of the park do not leave indifferent numerous tourists.
The true giant and record holder among the park’s trees bears his own name — “General Sherman”. So Americans decided to glorify the name of the general of the civil war between North and South. This instance is considered to be the largest tree on the planet, taking into account its size and size in the list. The height of the sequoia is 83 m, the trunk circumference is 22 m.
In the summer of 2006, at Redwood National Park, just north of San Francisco, researchers bumped into an even more imposing in height. It is revealed that this sequoia, given the name “Hyperion”, is inferior to “General Sherman” in the list, but has a height of more than 115 m. After examining the trunk, scientists determined that further growth of the giant was prevented by damage caused to the tree by a woodpecker.
Now it is known that the height of more than one hundred and five meters have about fifty trees of this species. Dendrologists believe that theoretically the height of the sequoia depends on the earth attraction and can hardly be more than a hundred and thirty meters. The growth of mighty trees is also influenced by friction forces between the pores of wood structure and moisture particles.