You will need
- – semi-professional or professional camera;
- – special filters for the lens;
- – instruction to the technique.
Use filters strictly for purpose and in the correct place. When selecting, pay attention to the size of the glass to match the size of the lens. Also see if the filter can be used in conjunction with another (the outer rim must have a thread).
To create a “warm” tone in photos, use the protective filter Sky Light. From the usual UV glass it differs pinkish hue, perfectly protects the lens from dust and moisture, prevents the appearance of “haze” from UV rays in the photography of objects, located in the distance. When photographing blue or green colors, the SkyLight filter softens colors, giving the image an eye-pleasing shade. Remember that it is better not to shoot in winter with such glass: snow will get a pinkish hue.
To take photos with effects, use diffraction or star filters (star filters). The composition must be arranged in such a way that when shooting a spot light source came into the lens (for example, shooting the foliage of trees through which the sun’s rays are punched). In this location in the photo, when using a star filter, the effect of “asterisks” consisting of 2-16 rays will be formed. In defraction, the light will be converted into beautiful blurred balls. Note that their magnitude, like the ray length, depends on the aperture. The finished photo will sparkle and look very festive.
To create the effect of “blurring” sharp boundaries of objects in the photo will help diffusion filters. They are suitable for both portrait and landscape photography. Very often diffusion filters are combined with color, which gives the image a soft and unusual appearance.
The “fog” effect will allow to create fog filters. It is made of slightly muddy glass and gives a nebula photography throughout the field. Very beautiful this effect looks when shooting waterfalls, rivers, forests, romantic images. When purchasing this filter, check its performance in place, because they have different densities.
The most magical filters are considered polarizing. They allow you to take photos with effects of unusually clear water and unrealistically blue sky. If you are enamored with photos, such as holiday destinations from the Maldives, then using a polarizing filter, you will be able to create such photos on any coast. These glasses have the property of detaining the reflected rays of the sun, making the color of the objects depicted more saturated. Please note that it is necessary to shoot from the side where the most light is. Also use this filter in calm water: the waves reflect different areas of the sky instead of the sun.
Use color filters to color the photo in different colors. They will give the whole image the shades you choose. There are also “graduated” filters. They are painted only half and allow either to balance the colors in the photograph (such as when the grass is much brighter than the sky) or to translate the emphasis to the required part of the image.