It is quite common belief that orchids grow exclusively in rainforests, however this is not the case. The orchid is a rather hardy plant, it is able to live in various climatic zones except for too arid and cold areas. However, the greatest variety of species of these wild flowers can indeed be observed in tropical and monsoon forests, where ideal conditions are provided for them — high humidity, constant air circulation and protection from direct sunlight. Orchids grow on all continents except Antarctica. Representatives of 49 genera of orchid can be found in Russia and the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Many species of orchids are epiphytes settling on tree trunks. However, do not confuse them with parasites – orchids do not use the nutrients of trees, they only serve them as a support, and for energy to the flowers enough rotted leaves and remains insects. Also these beautiful but not worn plants are able to settle in crevices of rocks, cracks in rock rocks and just on the ground. Some orchid species are able to withstand quite harsh conditions.
In the course of evolution, orchids developed many adaptations that simplify their life in the wild. The thick fleshy leaves allow the flowers to retain their much-needed moisture during the dry period and relive it safely. Numerous roots of epiphytes orchids help them to hold on to support and at the same time soak up water due to modernization of cover tissue. And the marvellous flowers attract not only people, but also bees. Some orchid species have gone further and developed pollination links with mosquitoes, flies, butterflies, moths, hummingbirds and even bats depending on the region of growth and animal life, $ its inhabitants.