As manifests “bear disease”
“Bear disease” or irritable bowel syndrome called bowel function disorder developed as a result of disorders of the psychosocial mechanism of influence, impairment of visceral sensitivity of the intestine and its motor activity. In most countries “bear disease” is a very common disease, but about 60% of patients do not seek medical care. Young people in working age (25-40 years) are most exposed to irritable bowel syndrome.
The study of this disease began as early as the 19th century.
“ Bear disease” is a collection of functional disorders that last at least 10-12 weeks during a calendar year. They have the following symptoms: discomfort and abdominal pain that pass after the act of defecation, change in frequency and consistency of the stool, flatulence, release of mucus along with feces. There are three variants of the course of irritable bowel syndrome:
– with prevailing diarrhea;
– with predominant constipation;
– with prevailing abdominal pain and flatulence.
In practice, this division is conditional because half of patients have a combination of different symptoms. Often “bear disease” occurs under severe stress, during the period of nervous experiences. This reaction of the body leads sudden and severe irritation of the nervous system and the cerebral cortex by external factors, as a consequence it activates and enhances various functions of the body.
Treatment of “bear disease”
role of diet in the treatment of “bear disease” has not been proven, but it has a significant impact on the character of stool. Admission of oily and gas-forming food, fiber, alcohol, caffeine, fiber should be restricted. If pain and bloating are observed, vegetables should be eaten boiled, baked or stewed. In diarrhea, milk, raw vegetables and fruits are required to be excluded from the diet.
In case of constipation it is necessary to increase in the diet the amount of dietary fibers, should eat cereals, carrots, beets, pumpkin, fruit, oatmeal.
Drug therapy for irritable bowel syndrome aims to eliminate symptoms of the disease. Patients are prescribed antispasmatic and antidiarrhoeal drugs, probiotics, phytotherapeutic agents, antibiotics. The prescription of antidepressants, benzodiazepines, serotonin receptor blockers is justified.