During the period of extensive infarction, a certain section of the heart muscle — the myocardial, which leads to a large disruption of the cardiac operation -vascular system. This condition puts human life at serious risk.
In medical practice, extensive infarction is classified as an acute form of ischemia. It is a disease that is characterized by impaired supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart.
In many cases, extensive heart attack affects the left part of the heart or septum defining the right and left halves of the heart (heart septal heart attack, septal heart attack). It is these parts of the heart that account for a lot of load. In more rare cases, the right part of the heart is affected.
Causes of extensive heart attack
Very often extensive heart attack develops in people who suffer from lack of motor activity against the background of emotional stress. However, physically strong and young people suffer from myocardial infarction.
The main reasons for extensive heart attack are:
– bad habits
– hypertensive disease
– lack of motor activity
– excess in animal food fats
– improper nutrition
Risk factors for extensive heart attack
These factors include conditions or diseases that increase the risk of heart attack to some extent.
Smoking is an independent risk factor for extensive heart attack. The result of this pernicious habit is reduced blood supply of the heart muscle and narrowing of the coronary vessels of the heart.
The age beyond 40 is also at risk for myocardial infarction. This is due to the fact that the risk of coronary artery atherosclerosis increases during this period.
Lack of movement — negatively affects the state of metabolic processes in the body. This often leads to obesity and diabetes. Disorders of fat metabolism often cause and provoke accelerated development of diabetes, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
As a result of arterial hypertension, the heart walls are thickened. The result decreases the endurance of the heart muscle and increases the need for oxygen of the heart.
However, the main risk factor for developing an extensive heart attack is atherosclerosis. It is it that serves as the main cause of thrombosis or coronary artery spasm.