People are only carriers of toxocars, so it is impossible to get infected with these parasites from another person. Toxocars are ingested from diseased animals, more often from dogs, under the influence of external factors. The main peak of the incidence falls in summer, with veterinarians, dog breeders, hunters, owners of homesteads, vendors of vegetable shops, playing children in the sand.
In humans, toxocars migrate from some organs and systems to others, so the disease is long-lasting, recurrent. Its symptoms depend on the intensity of the infection, the form of the disease, the state of the immune system. Cutaneous toxocarosis is manifested by allergic reactions on the skin, swelling, itching and redness in areas of larval cluster. With a large cluster of parasites, a visceral form develops in the body. Its main symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, coughing, shortness of breath and other problems caused by disruption of the respiratory system.
A neurological form of toxocarosis appears if parasites have penetrated the brain. Attention impairment, reading difficulties, hyperactivity and other neurological symptoms are observed.
How to treat toxocarosis
For the treatment of toxocorosis, the pills “Mebendazola”, “Thiabendazola” and “Medamina” are prescribed, which will be effective for destruction of migratory individuals.$ “Albendazole” (“Nemozol”) fights with larvae in internal organs. During the treatment of the disease, it is necessary to monitor the blood test, and the level of toxic effects of the drug on the liver should also be monitored. Repeated therapy courses are carried out in case of relapses. In some cases, surgical intervention is used to treat toxocarosis.
In ocular toxocarosis, subconjunctival injections of “Depomedrol” are prescribed.
To alleviate the patient’s condition, folk remedies can be used in addition to drug therapy. The following recipes are popular. It is necessary to boil a head of garlic in milk and use the resulting mixture for enema. The course of application should last a week. Enema should be done once a day. For these treatments it is possible to use pajma decoction: 1 tbsp of the flowers of the plant should be filled with boiling water, left for 10-15 minutes and strain. Children do not make enema, in such cases you need to pour 3 tbsp of flowers and leaves of pajma with a glass of boiling water and leave for one hour. The decoction should be given to the child 3-4 times a day for 1 tablespoon. In toxocarosis, it is possible to mix 1 tablespoon of wormwood seeds with honey and eat this mixture between meals.