Properties and application of herb sage medicine

From the history of eating sage medicinal

Sage has one of the most ancient stories among all medicinal herbs. It was used as early as ancient Egypt as a means to increase fertility. The Greek physician Decocides, who lived at the dawn of AD, described in his treatises the medicinal properties of sage, as a drug capable of stopping bleeding, treating ulcers. He also recommended a decoction of sage for rinsing. Wounds were treated with sage and in ancient Rome. In the Middle Ages herbalists used sage to treat coughs, rheumatism, excessive menstrual bleeding. They sold sage to give birth to Aristocrats who did not want to feed the child, so that their milk was missing. In the East, sage was considered a “female grass”; they treated women who wished to conceive and bear a child after numerous miscarriages. In China, apart from hallucinogenic tea, a simple weak decoction of sage promoting digestion was brewed.

Sage is a common spice in Greek, Italian and Balkan cuisines. It is put in minced sausages, in filling for birds and fish, in vegetable dishes, especially from beans, in mushroom dishes and fresh salads.

Properties of sage

There are about a thousand varieties of sage, among them meadow sage, muscat sage, as well as forbidden to the cultivation of sage predictors in a number of countries. For medicinal purposes mainly use sage medicinal (salvia officinalis L.). Its flowers and leaves contain various chemical compounds, essential oils, minerals and vitamins, rhizomes and sage seeds do not medically use. The main common active component is salvegnin, vascular relaxant and tuyon, a nootropic drug. Sage is rich in B vitamins including folic acid, thiamine, riboflavin and pyridoxin, vitamins A and C, potassium, zinc, calcium, iron and manganese, magnesium and copper. Sage oil, distilled from the flowering tops of the plant, contains volatile essential oils such as camphen, cineol, borneol, bornyl acetate, and other esters. These compounds are known to have tonic, astringent, sweatening and stimulating properties.

For medicinal purposes, both fresh and dry sage leaves, essential oil, dried inflorescences are used.

The use of sage medicinal

infusion of sage is used for fever, nervous arousal, weakness of the gastrointestinal activities. Sage is considered useful in typhoid fever, bleeding in the lungs and stomach, and in pain in the throat and joints. The effectiveness of sage as a means of preventing excessive sweating and stimulating menstruation has been proved. A strong infusion of sage is able to absorb headache caused by severe stress. Sage based rinsing is effective in throat infections, dental abscesses, infected gums, stomatitis. Sage oil kills Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, salmonella, threaded mushrooms and yeast infections. As a massage oil, it helps to relieve nervousness, anxiety, headache, stress and fatigue. Anti-spasmatic activity of the medicinal sage makes it useful in asthma, relieving tension in smooth muscles. Sage is recommended at climax to stop tides and night sweating.


Medicinal sage cannot be used in large doses or on a long-term permanent basis, as it can cause nerve irritation, convulsions and poisoning. Sage is contraindicated to epileptics and women during pregnancy.

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