Description of Melissa
Po Latin this plant is called Matricaria recutita, and popularly it is known as lemongrass, lemon mint or lemon grass. The quadrifaceted stems are collected in bushes, which can exceed 1 m in height, the leaves are ovate, pillow-urban with a prominent edge.
Melissa blooms all summer collected in rings inflorescences of bluish white or pale pink, or mauve color. It is propagated by fruits – black hazels, which can be sown 3 years after ripening. In folk and traditional medicine we use flowers and leaves of melissa, which contain carotenoids, vitamin C, coffee, ursulic and oleanolic acids, tannins and bitter substances and essential oil. Especially much of the latter in the fruit of the plant – up to 20%.
Application of melissa in medicine
The name melissa comes from a Greek word, translated meaning “bee” – even ancient Greeks were known that the aroma of ethereal the oil that the plant contains is able to scare away bees. But as the medicinal plant Melissa has been used for more than 3 thousand years, its mention can be found in the works of the famous Avicenna esculap, which along with Hippocrates is read by the founder medicine.
Listing the beneficial properties of melissa, Avicenna said that its tinctures and decoctions are able to give vivacity and strengthen the body, help with bad breath and serve preventative means for brain work.
The contraindications for taking melissa drugs include individual intolerance. Those suffering from stomach ulcer and liver failure should only take them on prescriptions.
Carotenoids contained in melissa (up to 7%) allow it to be used in traditional medicine for the production of medicines prescribed in hypertension, cardiac neurosis, asthma, to increase overall tone. Extraction from the fruits and flowers of melissa is used as a means of calming the nervous system, helping with insomnia, stirring appetite. Medicines based on it are used to eliminate headaches in migraines, as well as colic caused by the accumulation of gases in the body.
If you use melissa in cooking, add its chopped leaves should be added to an already finished dish, preserving useful properties.
Decoction and water tincture from melissa leaves is an excellent tool to help eliminate vomit calls in pregnancy toxicosis. For the same purpose, pregnant women are recommended to eat fresh leaves of melissa. They can be added to salads and vegetable dishes, and they can be used as a seasoning to prepare poultry, meat and fish dishes.