Instructions for use of “Levomycetin”
“Levomycetin” is active against a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria: shigell, Salmonell, Streptococci, chlamydia and others.$ The drug is prescribed for the treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to the action of the drug, for example:
– respiratory tract infections (lung abscess, pneumonia);
– infections of the abdominal cavity (paratyphoid, typhoid, schigelosis, peritonitis, salmonellosis);
– meningitis, trachoma, chlamydia and tularemia.
The effect of this drug does not apply to protozoa, mushrooms and strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
“ Levomycetin” is assigned individually in each case. The duration of the drug and the required dose should be determined by the doctor. The medicine is taken half an hour before the meal, without chewing and drinking water. If “Levomycetin” causes nausea, it needs to be taken an hour after eating. Adults are usually prescribed 250-500 milligrams of “Levomycetin” 3-4 times a day. The remedy is taken at the same intervals. In case of severe infectious diseases are prescribed 500-1000 mg “Levomycetin” 3-4 times a day. The highest daily dose is 4000 mg. The use of the maximum dose is possible only in the conditions of the hospital, as it is necessary to constantly monitor blood patterns, kidney function, liver function.
Children from 3 to 8 years are given 125 mg “Levomycetin” 3-4 times a day, children aged 8-16 years – 250 mg of the drug 3-4 times a day. Duration of the drug in children and adults is 1-1.5 weeks. If “Levomycetin” is tolerated well and does not cause side effects in the bloodletting system, the duration of intake may be extended to two weeks if necessary. Alcohol solution “Levomycetin” is prescribed in bacterial skin infections, trophic ulcers, bedsores, furuncules. Damaged skin areas are treated with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol solution.
Contraindications to the prescription of “Levomycetin”, side effects of the drug
“Levomycetin” are contraindicated to patients with impaired function of the system of blood, with severe diseases kidney, liver, hypersensitivity to azidamphenicol, thiamphenicol and to components of the drug.
Levomycetin is not used for therapy of fungal skin diseases, eczema, psoriasis, acute respiratory diseases, including angines, for prevention infectious complications after prompt interventions.
During the administration of the drug may appear side effects on the part of the GI tract: vomiting, nausea, disturbance of stool, digestion, enterocolitis, impairment intestinal microflora, stomatitis. When developing pseudomembranous colitis during prolonged use of the drug, it is necessary to stop taking “Levomycetin”.
From the cardiovascular system and the blood system, it is possible to increase the blood content of red blood cells, platelets, white blood cells, anemia, blood pressure change. On the part of the nervous system, dizziness, headache, emotional instability, confusion, increased fatigue, hearing impairment, vision, taste sensations, brain lesions, hallucinations. Allergic reactions on the skin may appear.