most common way to infect HPV is contact with infected mucosa or skin. It is worth noting that at the same time the virus does not enter the blood. HPV reproduces in the epithelium of the mucosa or deep layers of the skin.
This virus can be divided into two groups affecting genital mucous organs and skin. The “high risk” of infection increases the risk of cervical cancer and causes dysplasia. This is the most dangerous type of virus spread. The “low risk” of infection causes genital condylomas without affecting cervical dysplasia.
There are several types of condyl manifestation in humans. It is worth remembering that the virus lives on the mucous membranes of the genitals and skin. In doing so, it directly depends on the state of the human immune system. The higher it is, the fewer rashes on the patient’s mucosa and skin.
To manifest condyle on the skin and genital mucosa, a certain amount of virus must accumulate. Typically, this occurs with a reduced human immune system. Having accumulated in the necessary amount on the mucous or skin area, the virus gradually changes the function of epithelial cells. After that, they begin to divide, sprawling on the skin. Thus, genital condylomas are formed.
In the female sex, condylomas are most often manifested in the small labia, on the outer genitalia, less often in the perineum, area urinary canal, on the cervix, in the vagina, on the large labia. It is extremely rare for formations to be found in the throat and oral cavity. Condyloma of large and medium-sized sizes can be groped in the urethra in both women and men.
Clinical manifestations depend on localization of formations and type of virus. Vaginal and external genitalia condylomas with a thin or wide base resemble cock scallops or cauliflower. The genital papillomas are most often soft, abundantly vascularized, lumped. Condylomes are known to be up to 3-5 cm in diameter.