General rules of the diet on hemodialysis
In kidney diseases, it is necessary to limit the use of common salt in the patient’s diet to 5 g in knocks, and even to abandon it altogether, because. the available salt in the products themselves is enough to saturate the body of the patient with all necessary useful substances.
As for the protein on which physicians like to sharpen attention, when undergoing hemodialysis procedure it is necessary to consume it, strangely enough, even more than a healthy person. — about 1.2 g per kg of patient weight. This is due to the fact that during hemodialysis, not only toxins and salts are cleaned from the body, but also amino acids, vitamins, trace elements, etc.
Diet in hemodialysis must necessarily be full and balanced. You can’t cut yourself into something, because the lack of necessary nutrients and trace elements can affect treatment.
However, it is worth considering comorbidities. So, for example, if a person in chronic renal failure is diagnosed with diabetes, it is better not to get carried away with carbohydrates. Hearts should give up fats.
Adherence to the drinking regime is another condition in hemodialysis. The patient may have problems with urination due to the fact that the kidneys do not function fully. Accordingly, the liquid needs to be replenished. But without bigotry. From one hemodialysis session to another one needs to recruit fluids no more than 5% of the total body weight.
But don’t get over. Excess fluid causes problems in the cardiovascular system. As a result, poor haemodialysis tolerability occurs.
Don’t get carried away with products containing potassium. This is due to the fact that potassium is excreted by the kidneys, as they suffer and do not cope with their functions fully, it is not worth overloading them even more. Especially since an overabundance of potassium in the blood can lead to death. Potassium is found in dried fruits, bananas and other fresh vegetables and fruits. Only the attending physician can dosage of these products per day.
It is also worth considering the fact that patients on hemodialysis need to be very careful with products containing aluminium. This ban goes to the point that you can’t cook a hemodialysis patient a meal in aluminum utensils. It is also not necessary without prior consultation with the doctor to take vitamin complexes, which have vitamin A and various mineral supplements.
The distinctive features of the diet in hemodialysis
Processing of foods should be chosen from the calculation of preserving most of the vitamins. And that means it’s better to choose cooking and steaming.
Also, much of the spice is under prohibition. But this does not mean that you need to eat thoroughly and untastefully. You can improve the taste of the product with various sauces and citric acid. It is
necessary to eat at least 6 times a day in small portions. If you approach the formulation of a diet for a patient on hemodialysis with a mind, you can eat tasty and fully, and most importantly it is useful.