Causes of dystrophy
Dystrophy may occur due to multiple causes. Congenital, for example, is often due to genetic impairments in fat, protein, or carbohydrate metabolism. Sometimes the reason for her is too young or elderly the mother’s age.
In the presence of congenital pathology, children often die during the first year of life.
Acquired dystrophy may occur due to stresses, transmitted infectious diseases, malnutrition, overeating carbohydrate products or long-term fasting. Chromosomal diseases, weak immunity, or negative environmental influences can also be causes.
Symptoms of dystrophy
Symptoms of this pathological process are weakness, rapid fatigue combined with poor appetite, weight loss, agitation and worse sleep. Children may have stunted growth, mental and psychomotor development. Other symptoms manifest themselves depending on the severity of dystrophy and its form.
In hypotrophia, which is expressed in a mismatch between a person’s weight and his height, the main symptom is a 10 -30% decrease in body weight, tissue elasticity and muscle tone. Such a form of dystrophy are also characterized by pallor, thinning subcutaneous fiber, decreased immunity, and stool disturbance. In some cases, the liver may enlarge. In 3-degree hypotrophy, eyeballs are stocked, heart rate and breathing are disturbed, body temperature and blood pressure are lowered. Depletion ensues.
In paratrophy, expressed in the accumulation of fat in the subcutaneous fiber, the patient has bowel problems, anemia and dysbacteriosis. The skin becomes very pale, and in its folds appear oprances. This form of dystrophy is also characterized by frequent allergic reactions.
There is another form of dystrophy — hypostature, in which there is an identical lack of height and weight. Typically, it accompanies 3rd degree hypotrophy. In this form, the patient has functional disorders of the nervous system and impaired metabolism.
Hypostature is considered the most persistent form of dystrophy, harder to treat.
Treatment of dystrophy depends on its shape and severity. As a rule, in this disease the doctor is prescribed a special diet, prescribed biologically active supplements, certain vitamins, stimulants and enzymes. At 2 and 3 degrees of hypotrophia, the patient is prescribed a stationary regime.