Knowledge of the mechanisms and causes of its development is a key point in the prevention and management of bronchial asthma in adults and children.
Causes of bronchial asthma
Very often asthma develops against the background of hypersensitivity to stimuli. The disease can be associated with both environmental factors (infections, allergies) and hereditary predisposition.
Causes of asthma attacks:
– intense physical exertion
– fear, excitement, stress
– environmental stimuli (tobacco smoke, $ perfume, exhaust, etc.) ;
– bacterial and viral infections (sinusitis, flu, cold, bronchitis);
– allergens (pollen, ticks, food, dust, animal wool).
The main symptoms of asthma
Despite the fact that the disease is common, symptoms in different people may differ. A greater number of sufferers feel the first attacks of bronchial asthma at an early age. Children under 10 years of age are the main category subject to this disease. It is at this age that the health of the child must be carefully monitored.
Bronchial asthma has varying incidence of aggravation and severity. Symptoms also vary, from coughing and whistling breathing to bouts of suffocation, chest cramping and shortness of breath. For the first signs of illness, see your doctor immediately.
If symptoms do not pass and increase within 2-3 days, hospitalization and emergency medical care may be required.
Prevention of bronchial asthma
To prevent onset of bronchial asthma attacks, you must always remember provoking factors. If possible, they should be avoided. Keep an eye on cleanliness in the house daily. Eliminate any allergens present in the room: animal wool, dust, etc. Try to avoid the exhaust and smell of tobacco smoke. If you smoke, you’ll have to say goodbye to this bad habit forever. Take all medications prescribed by the attending physician regularly. This way you will be able to reduce the frequency of attacks. To improve lung and heart condition, exercise.