Brucellosis in human

The

pathogen of the disease is microorganisms of the genus brucelles. Infection comes from contact with animals that are carriers of any pathogen brucellosis (Brucella melitensis, Brucella abortus, Brucella suis) or in the process of eating infected foods in food.

The entrance gates for infection are the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and digestive organs or microinjuries available on the skin. The spread of the disease occurs through lymph vessels: microbes multiply periodically, accumulate in lymph nodes and released into the blood. This entails an allergic rearrangement of the body.

Incubation period in brucellosis can last from 3 weeks to several months and is accompanied by the following symptoms:

– joint pain;

– increased temperature (up to 38C) over a long time or its sharp jumps;

– evaporine and sweating, especially during sleep;

– decline in strength, weakness.

The disease affects almost all organs and systems: heart, respiratory system, musculoskeletal system, genitourinary system, lymph nodes, spleen, central nervous system and eyes.

Diagnostics include assessment of the clinical pattern, severity of symptoms, laboratory studies.

Antibiotics are prescribed to treat brucellosis. If treatment has not been initiated or administered incorrectly, brucellosis in a third of cases goes into a chronic form.

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