What is watermelon?
Despite the large size of watermelons, botanists refer them not to fruit, but to berries. It is explained quite simply — the presence of juicy flesh with a lot of seeds. And to be very precise, watermelon refers to that variety of berries called pumpkin. Representatives of this variety have a rather dense peel, a juicier and fleshy flesh, and a much larger number of seeds.
Today there are many varieties of this berry. In Russia, for example, Astrakhan, Melitopol, Atlant, Knyazhych, Rose of the South-East and others are considered common.
History of watermelon cultivation and distribution
It is believed that watermelon appeared in South African deserts — there it is still grows wild, and cultivated it more than 4000 years ago in ancient Egypt. In the 10th century, this berry fell to Central Asia, where a couple of centuries later it was brought to Europe by knights crusaders. The watermelon came to Russia also in the 12th century, when caravans with a variety of goods went through modern Astrakhan from Persia. However, this berry became more famous in our country since 1560, when Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich told to deliver it to the tsar’s court.
Useful properties of
watermelon The watermelon contains a large amount of trace elements and vitamins necessary for normal human well-being. It enriches the body with potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium, B vitamins, vitamin A, E, RR, ascorbic and folic acid. It is especially useful to eat it in hot weather, as it helps not only quench your thirst, but also to make up for all the listed substances, some of which exits the body during sweating.
Having a diuretic effect on the body, watermelon helps to expel accumulated slag and toxins. It promotes the cleansing of the kidneys, urinary tract and gallbladder. And the low acidity of the juice of this berry allows it to be consumed even by those suffering from chronic gastritis or gastroduodenitis. But naturally, only not in the period of exacerbation of these diseases.
Watermelon is not recommended to eat late at night or in combination with salty foods, as it can lead to swelling and salts deposit in the body.
The low calorie content of watermelon (27 kcal per 100 g) allows you to enjoy this berry quietly by those who follow their figure. And fructose contained in watermelon is perfectly absorbed by the body, and its content in it is extremely small.