Yaroslav Smelyakov: a brief biography

Childhood and youth The classic of

Soviet poetry fell to live in an era of great change. In that chronological period, the Soviet country formed its unique appearance. And the renewal processes reflected painfully on the fortunes of many people. Yaroslav Vasilyevich Smelyakov came to light on December 26, 1912 in the family of a worker. Parents at that time lived in the famous city of Lutsk on the territory of present Ukraine. His father worked on the railroad. The mother was engaged in housework and parenting — Yarik was raised as the third child in the house.


future poet had to feel the ruthless breath of the surrounding reality from the young nails. After the outbreak of World War I, the family moved to Voronezh, to relatives. When Smelyakov turned eleven, his father retired from life. To get a decent profession, the boy was sent to Moscow, where his older brother lived and worked. After finishing seven years, he received a referral to the Printing Factory and Factory School. The young man was issued by the pupil of the typesetter.

Creative activity

Communication with writers, critics and poets who constantly visited the printing house , made a lasting impression on Smelyakov. As a child, he read a lot and tried to compose poetry. Having got into the creative environment, Yaroslav got carried away with creativity with the characteristic maximalism of young men. He was active in the literary section at the editorial office of the newspaper “Komsomolskaya Pravda”. The first collection of poems called “Work and Love” to readers hit in 1932. It is interesting to note that the poet, being a typesetter in the printing house, prepared his own pamphlet for release.

In 1934, Smelyakov was arrested and sentenced to three years of camps. Freed, he returned to peaceful life and literary writings. With the outbreak of war, the poet was mobilized into the army. It was necessary to fight on the Karelian front, where he was captured. Liberation did not come until 1944. Only four years later Yaroslav Vasilyevich managed to return to Moscow. In the early 1950s, by denunciation of “friends poets”, convicted and sent to serve time north, to Komi Republic. And only after the 20th Congress of the CPSU, Smelyakov managed to finally return home.

Recognition and personal life

Despite the harsh trials, the poet’s creative career developed quite successfully. His poems “The Good Girl Lida”, “If I get sick”, “Ljubka Feigelman” were known by heart by many citizens of the country of Soviets. For his contribution to the development of Soviet literature, Smelyakov was awarded three orders of the “Red Banner of Labor”.


poet’s personal life did not develop immediately. Smelyakov was twice married. The second marriage to translator Tatiana Streshneva proved to be a happy one. But they didn’t live long. The poet died in November 1972. He was buried in Novodevichy Cemetery.

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