From guitar history
Traditional guitar is a string forceps instrument. It is applied in a wide variety of musical styles and directions, from blues and country, to flamenco, rock music and jazz. For several centuries, the guitar has been considered one of those instruments that has had a particular influence on world music culture.
The earliest evidence of a string instrument having a neck and a resonating body is from antiquity. The first predecessors of the guitar appeared about four thousand years ago. String instruments, related guitar and arranged on the same principle, were used in Babylon. There are mentions of them in biblical texts as well. There were similar in structure instruments in Egypt and India.
According to legends, the hero of Greek myths Heracles was able to play the string kifar.
The word “guitar” itself, as some historians believe, goes back to the Sanskrit word “Sangeeta” meaning “music” and Persian “thar”, which meant “string “. Spread across Central Asia and coming to Europe, the word “guitar” has been modified several times. In its current linguistic form, the name of the instrument appeared in European literature around the 13th century. The
guitar’s distant relatives had a rounded oblong body and an outstretched neck along which strings were drawn. The casing was usually made from a single piece of wood, less often from dried pumpkin or turtle pansier. Subsequently, the body became composite: it was mastered from the lower and upper decks, connecting them with a side wall — a shell. Such instruments were already created in China in the 3rd century of the new era. Only two centuries later a similar composite instrument appeared in Europe, receiving the name of the Latin guitar, whose appearance has survived mostly to the present.
Guitar and its varieties
In medieval times the center of guitar development became Spain, where the instrument came from Rome, as well as the Arab conquerors. Around the 15th century, a guitar with five double strings was invented in Spain. She was called Spanish.
Three centuries later, the guitar received another string and a rich repertoire of musical works.
But in Russia the guitar got relatively late — around the end of the XVII century. Over time, the country appeared virtuosos who masterly wielded this instrument. A little later in Russia began to distribute a seven-string version of the Spanish guitar, which received the name “Russian guitar”.
In the last century there were technologies of amplification and processing of sound using electricity. Thus appeared the electric guitar, which had only a distant external resemblance to the classical instrument. Musicians got new opportunities, and listeners began to gradually get used to the original sound, which, however, is unlikely to completely replace the melodic sounds emanating from the traditional string instrument whose name is classical guitar.